Sale 260

The George Kramer Collection
of "Across the Continent" Maritime Usages


United States Overseas Usages
 
 
Lot Photo Description
Lot 50
 
San Francisco Cal. Sep. 1, clear c.d.s. and matching "Paid" handstamp on 1849 folded cover to France, manuscript. "40" at upper right, faint red "Colonies/&c.Art.13" handstamp, bold "15" decimes due handstamp and matching Calais postmark, Very Fine.
Estimate 300 - 400
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Lot 51
 
1850 Folded letter to Scotland, datelined San Francisco Nov 1, to Lindithgow, Scotland carried privately to a forwarding agent in New York as per address instructions on outer panel, then transferred to Cunard ship Europa where also similarly treated until arrival in Liverpool, where G.B. 1d red brown (3) was applied to pay domestic postage and cancelled "466", Dec 23 Liverpool double arc despatch and Dec 24 London transit c.d.s. on reverse, Very Fine.
Estimate 150 - 200

An unusual alternative means of letter delivery outside the post prior to arrival in England.

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Lot 52
 
A Remarkable pair of Transocean covers from San Francisco, two 1851 folded letters, one to London, the other to Bordeaux, postmarked San Francisco on Aug 1, first with red "25" rate handstamp, the other with "22", both being non-existent rates to these countries, yet each is handstamped "Paid", London cover with "19" credit and receiving c.d.s. with integral paid, Bordeaux with British transit and "8" decimes due, Very Fine.
Estimate 750 - 1,000

The clerk's confusion may have stemmed from the dramatic changes in the transcontinental rate on July 1, 1851. In addition, the West Coast surcharge on British treaty mail was reduced from 35¢ to 5¢. Sailing from New York on the Collins
Atlantic (Bordeaux) to the Cunard Asia (London), the rates should have been 26¢ and 29¢ respectively. Even more remarkable than these anomalies is the survival of two such covers on the same day from two different correspondences.
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Lot 53
 
San Francisco Cal. Oct. 1, blue c.d.s. with matching "Paid" and "26" handstamps on 1852 folded letter to Bordeaux (Nov. 14) via London (Nov.11) and Paris (Nov. 12), "New York/Am. Packet/ Oct 30" c.d.s. in red with red Paris entry c.d.s. in red and "8" (décimes) handstamp indicating French domestic postal charges to be collected, Very Fine.
Estimate 150 - 200

Carried on PMSS
Tennessee, which arrived in Panama on October 16, after which it travelled from Chagres to New York (probably on USMSS Falcon. It left New York on on Oct 30 on the Baltic of the Collins Line, arriving Liverpool on Nov 10.
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Lot 54
 
Sacramento City Cal. 31 May, c.d.s. in black with matching "20" rate handstamp on 1852 folded cover to Wurttemberg paying the 20¢ Bremen mail rate, neatly struck "32/9 R America/Uber/Bremen "handstamp in red, and blue manuscript. "41", reverse with red "New-York Jun 28" c.d.s., Deutz-Minden rimless postmark to red crayon "16"; cover with some minor strengthening of bottom edge, Fine.
Estimate 300 - 400
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Lot 55
 
3¢ Dull red (11), horizontal pair, margins to slightly in, tied by "Grass Valley Cal. 24 May" c.d.s. on blue envelope to Scotland with manuscript. "Due 23" beside it, bold "1/2½" due handstamp, reverse with Perth receiving postmark and "Art-5/Br. pkt." handstamp, both in green, the latter marking sometimes found on unpaid letters from California; cover without top flap, Fine and very scarce. This was sent by someone who thought only the inland U.S. postage of 6¢ needed to be prepaid; the Grass Valley postmaster agreed but the British correctly marked this for 1sh.2½d (29¢)collect. Discussed by Walter Hubbard in Chronicle #109, pages 60-61.
Estimate 400 - 500
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Lot 56
 
10¢ Green, type II (14), horizontal pair, margins to cutting, discreet pen cancel and tied by red "N. York 7 B. Pkt. Paid Oct. 29" exchange postmark on 10¢ green on buff entire (U18) to San Remo, Italy, via Prussian closed mail, manuscript. "Don Padros Bar/Oct 1st Cal." postmark at lower left, red "Paid 30" in circle, various transit and routing handstamps; cover with small edge repairs, Very Fine usage, extremely scarce.
Estimate 1,000 - 1,500
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Lot 57
 
San Francisco Cal. 15 Paid Mar. 21, 1859, bold red c.d.s. on folded letter to Cognac, France, magenta manuscript. "Via Panama and New York" at upper left, blue merchant's octagon handstamp struck front and back, contents in French, Very Fine.
Estimate 200 - 300
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Lot 58
 
5¢ Brown, type II (30A), single used with 10¢ green type V (35), tied together by bold "San Francisco Cal. Mar 25, 1861" c.d.s. on homemade blue envelope to Metz, France, red New York exchange postmark and ultramarine Havre datestamp also ties the stamps, Very Fine, very attractive usage.
Estimate 500 - 750

Provenance: Haas.
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Lot 59
 
San Francisco Cal. 26 paid 20 Feb, well struck c.d.s. in red on 1857 folded letter to France, red "New-York Am. Pkt. Mar. 21" exchange postmark, Calais receiving postmark April 5 and bold "5" decimes due handstamp, pencil "26" at left, Very Fine.
Estimate 300 - 400

The 26¢ rate comprised 21¢ for carriage by American packet via British open mail and a 5¢ west coast surcharge.

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Lot 60
 
10¢ Green, type V (35), horizontal strip of five, used with 3¢ dull red (26) and 5¢ brown (30A) on cover to Scotland, stamps tied by five strikes of "San Francisco Cal. Jun 1, 1861" red "38" credit, Huntly receiving postmark on reverse, Very Fine usage, rare double 29¢ West Coast rate, illustrated in Letters of Gold, p. 133.
Estimate 2,000 - 3,000

Expertization: 1980 Friedl Certificate.

Provenance: Waterhouse, Rohloff, Klein.
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Lot 61
 
5¢ Brown, type II (30A), single tied by "New York Sep. 3" c.d.s. on 1861 folded letter to San Sebastian, Spain, from Havana, sent by mistake to California with incorrect manuscript. "Due 5" later crossed out, "Sacramento City Cal. Sep. 30" c.d.s. and matching "MISSENT" straight line, clear "New York Am. Pkt. Oct. 26, 1861" postmark and bold "8Rs" in blue, London and San Sebastian backstamps, Very Fine, remarkable, and possibly unique usage.
Estimate 1,000 - 1,500
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Lot 62
 
90¢ Blue (72), single with rich color, used with 1¢ blue (63) pair, each cancelled by matching cogwheel cancel, 90¢ tied, on 1862 cover to Thronjein, Norway, paying the double 46¢ Prussian closed mail rate, red "N. York Am. Pkt" postmark, magenta manuscript. "46" credit, Aachen and Hamburg transit postmarks; minor edge wear, a fabulous and Very Fine usage, unique with the 90¢ 1861 and one of the greatest covers of the period, illustrated in History of Post Communication Between the United States and Europe. 1845 - 1875.
Estimate 50,000 - 75,000

Expertization: Signed Ashbrook.

Provenance: Emerson, Krug, Baker, Ishikawa.
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Lot 63
 
12¢ Black, 10¢ green type II (17, 32), single of each, first with ample to large margins, used with 3¢ brownish carmine (11, two) and 1¢ blue Type V (24) on cover to England, stamps tied by four strikes of "San Francisco Cal Mar 22, 1858"c.d.s., red "19" credit and matching "Paid in America" datestamp tying 1¢ and 3¢ at left, Nottingham backstamp; right 3¢ mostly cut in, 10¢ with small corner crease from placement at covers edge, still Very Fine, superb perf/imperf combination usage.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
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Lot 64
 
24¢ Pale gray violet (70d), single, striking seldom-seen shade, used with 1¢ blue (63) and 10¢ green (68), each with matching bold Hollow Star cancel on cover front only to Bodio, Switzerland, via Prussian closed mail, "Georgetown Cal. Mar 5, 1862" c.d.s. and magenta manuscript. "paid 35", indistinct red cancel also ties 10¢ and 24¢, Very Fine, handsome fancy cancel usage.
Estimate 1,000 - 1,500
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Lot 65
 
24¢ Grayish lilac (78a), two singles, each with sharp impression and attractive color, used with #65 (2), #68 and #76 on 1864 cover to Bombay, India, stamps tied by matching targets, twice struck San Francisco postmark dated Dec. 18 and Dec. 22, New York and London transits, faded magenta manuscript credit marking, there is also a red crayon "72", via Marseille crossed out at top; cover with corner repaired at upper left, 10¢ and left 3¢ faulty, still Fine, an intriguing usage.
Estimate 500 - 750

Provenance: "Patrick Henry".

This appears to be a double 33¢ rate cover via South Hampton with a 3¢ overpayment though the "72" needs to be explained in light of this interpretation. At least one other cover from the correspondence (Ward) show similar disparate notations; a magenta "42" and a pencil "120" (the cover, the same size as this one is franked with $1.20 and appears to be considerably overpaid). The 72 might have simply been the sender's idea of payment. Other Ward covers may reveal the writer's intentions, but on the basis of this cover and the $1.20 franking (Patrick Henry Sale, Lot 1089), it appears as though the sender relied on guesswork.

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Lot 66
 
5¢ Brown, 10¢ green (76, 68, three), tied together by four cogwheel cancels on Union Patriotic overpaying the 28¢ Prussian closed mail rate to Prussia, small flag deign at upper left, twice struck "San Francisco Cal. Ju. 24, 1865" double circle, red New York exchange postmark ties two 10¢ stamps, neat blue Aachen Franco datestamp, receiving postmark on reverse, Very Fine, handsome and very scarce usage.
Estimate 2,000 - 3,000
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Lot 67
 
2¢ Black (73), faults, tied by bold cogwheel cancel on 1865 wrapper to Bordeaux, France, printed address label tied by red "30" centimes handstamp, some soiling at top, Fine.
Estimate 200 - 300
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Lot 68
 
12¢ Black (69), two singles, appear as vertical pair, tied by two neat strikes of Shield cancel on orange cover to England, clear "Sacramento Cal. Jan. 13, 1866" double circle, Very Fine to Extremely Fine cancels.
Estimate 1,000 - 1,500
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Lot 69
 
24¢ Grayish lilac (78a), horizontal strip of four on cover to Liverpool, England paying a quadruple rate, strip with cork cancels and tied by "San Francisco Cal. Dec 10" c.d.s., clear strike of Too Late in oval, light strike of red "N.York Am. Pkt Jan. 1 c.d.s.", this probably left on the North German Line Hermann, reverse with blue Dec. 1867 merchant's datestamp, "Liverpool Ja 13 68" receiving postmark, strip with small margin tear at upper right and cover with small edge strengthening, Fine, an attractive and scarce usage.
Estimate 750 - 1,000

The rate to Great Britain was reduced from 24¢ to 12¢, effective Jan. 1, 1868, but the cover's franking did not anticipate this change.

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Lot 70
 
2¢ Black, E. grill (87), horizontal pair, strong grills, on 1868 cover with 10¢ green F. grill (96) single to Tuscany paying the 14¢ North German Union (direct) rate, clear "Angels Camp Cal. Aug. 28"c.d.s., each stamp with matching manuscript. "X", large manuscript. "Via Panama" at upper left, Verona and Livorno backstamps; 10¢ and left 2¢ with small perf faults, Fine.
Estimate 750 - 1,000
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Lot 71
 
30¢ Orange (71), single used with 5¢ brown (76), each with large target in pale ultramarine, 30¢ tied, on Prussian closed mail cover to St. Petersburg, Russia, faint Vallejo Cal. c.d.s. at right, clear "Paid" handstamp in red and "14" credit, blue Aachen Franco datestamp; cover without flap and slightly reduced at top, Fine, a particularly difficult destination to acquire from the West Coast.
Estimate 750 - 100
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Lot 72
 
10¢ Yellow green (68), three singles arranged in L shape, tied by targets on undated Prussian closed mail cover to Bavaria, bold "San Francisco Cal. Feb. 28" double circle, paint red "N. York Am Ptk 7 Paid Mar. 24" exchange postmark; stamps with small faults, Fine.
Estimate 200 - 300

Provenance: "Patrick Henry".
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Lot 73
 
2¢ Black (73), single with natural s.e. at R, used with 10¢ green (68) and 3¢ rose F. grill (94) on red-bordered envelope to France, stamps tied by bold matching cork cancels, clear "San Francisco Cal. Aug. 18th" manuscript. "Overland" in corner, Sept. 13 Calais receiving postmark with not quite clear year date though it appears to be "68"; cover opened at top, Very Fine usage.
Estimate 750 - 1,000
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Lot 74
 
2¢ Black, F. grill, 3¢ ultramarine (93, 114), vertical and horizontal pairs respectively; tied by targets on 1869 cover to Swatow, China, 3¢ with part imprint at B. with selvage folded over cover's edge, clear "Bristol, N.H. Jun 30" c.d.s. and magenta "San Francisco Paid All Aug. 4" transit, large manuscript "By Pacific Mail" written across most of the envelope, clear "Paid Only/To Hong Kong" in box struck in error and crossed out in pen, Hong Kong and Swatow backstamps, Very Fine, a magnificent cover from the Wingate Correspondence, mailed shortly after completion of the transcontinental railroad but before contract mail service began on July 4th.
Estimate 5,000 - 7,500

Provenance: Gibson.
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Lot 75
 
"Received and forwarded by/Parrott Scarborough and Co./Mazatlan/Sept. 16 '38", forwarder's notation in manuscript on reverse of May 4, 1838 folded letter from Honolulu to Boston, which originally contained a bank draft for £958, one of three payments, "the first I send you via Mexico", carried via Durango and Guadalajara to Vera Cruz, faint strike of that city's postmark and manuscript."Va Cr. 13th Octr 30/Rd. & Forwd by y.o. sol. P.A. Stolz", face of cover with red "New Orleans La. Nov 15" c.d.s. and matching "SHIP" handstamp, "52" double rate (25¢ over 400 miles plus 2¢ ship captain's fee), Fine, exceedingly rare and very early usage, unlisted in American Stampless Cover Catalog Vol. II and precedes by three years the earliest examples of similar via Mexico mail to be found in Letters of Gold or The Honolulu Advertiser Collection Part 2.
Estimate 2,000 - 3,000

Expertization: 1987 P.F. Certificate.
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